Cell 38

Schellenbaum und "Türkenmusik" Zweite Hälfte 18. und 19. Jahrhundert

The rather exotic Janissary music played by Turkish troops while they were camped in front of the gates of Vienna in 1683 left its mark on occidental music. In fact, Turkish elements in Viennese instruments are apparent as early as 1741: on the one hand, there is the tinkling of the cymbals, the triangle and little bells or jingles attached to a frame, on the other hand the big deep bass drum and a small, high-pitched fife.
These elements were incorporated into compositions which were meant to characterize the Orient. One of the most famous examples of this is the Singspiel the Abduction from the Seraglio (1782) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Around the middle of the 18th century, some European courts had their own original Janissary bands. As a result of this direct influence, musical elements representing the characteristic 'Turkish' sounds and rhythms as well as the unique kinds of instruments found their way into the military bands.
As early as the 1770ies, this music had become an integral part of the repertoire for the infantry troops of European armies. It became even more popular after the Revolution and continued to be popular well into the 19th century.

Singt dem grossen Bassa Lieder
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791)
From The Abduction from the Seraglio, Singspiel, KV 384
1782
Choir and Mozart-Orchestra of the Opera of Zurich, dir. Nikolaus Harnoncourt
P 1985/C 1988; Tel 2292-42407-2

Allegretto
Joseph Haydn (1732–1809)
2nd movement of the symphony Nr. 100 in G major 'Militarsinfonie'
1794
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam, dir. Nikolaus Harnoncourt
P 1991, 1993/C 1995; Tel 0630-10018-2

Marcia moderato
Louis Spohr (1784–1859)
1st movement of Notturno in C major for wind-band and Janissary band, op. 34
1815
Ensemble Octophoros, dir. Paul Dombrecht
P/C 1988; ACC 8860 D

Polka 'Le tzeudron' (chaudron)
Musique de 1830 from Chambery (VS)
Accordion, mouth organ, trombone, bass drum, triangle, Turkish crescent
P/C 1996; claves CD 50-9621

Introduction cell 38
Singt dem grossen Bassa Lieder Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 - 1791) from The Abduction from the Seraglio, Singspiel, KV 384 1782 Choir und Mozart-Orchestra of the Opera of Zurich, dir. Nikolaus Harnoncourt P 1985/C 1988; Tel 2292-42407-2
Allegretto Joseph Haydn (1732 - 1809) 2nd movement of the symphony Nr. 100 in G major 'Militärsinfonie' 1794 Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam, dir. Nikolaus Harnoncourt P 1991, 1993/C 1995; Tel 0630-10018-2
Marcia moderato Louis Spohr (1784 - 1859) 1st movement of Notturno in C major for wind-band an Janissary band, op. 34 1815 Ensemble Octophoros, dir. Paul Dombrecht P/C 1988; ACC 8860 D
Polka 'Le tzeudron' (chaudron) Musique de 1830 from Champéry (VS) Accordion, mouth organ, trombone, bass drum, triangle, Turkish crescent P/C 1996; claves CD 50-9621
 
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