The rather exotic Janissary music played by Turkish troops while they were camped in front of the gates of Vienna in 1683 left its mark on occidental music. In fact, Turkish elements in Viennese instruments are apparent as early as 1741: on the one hand, there is the tinkling of the cymbals, the triangle and little bells or jingles attached to a frame, on the other hand the big deep bass drum and a small, high-pitched fife.
These elements were incorporated into compositions which were meant to characterize the Orient. One of the most famous examples of this is the Singspiel the Abduction from the Seraglio (1782) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Around the middle of the 18th century, some European courts had their own original Janissary bands. As a result of this direct influence, musical elements representing the characteristic 'Turkish' sounds and rhythms as well as the unique kinds of instruments found their way into the military bands.
As early as the 1770ies, this music had become an integral part of the repertoire for the infantry troops of European armies. It became even more popular after the Revolution and continued to be popular well into the 19th century.
Singt dem grossen Bassa Lieder
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791)
From The Abduction from the Seraglio, Singspiel, KV 384
Choir and Mozart-Orchestra of the Opera of Zurich, dir. Nikolaus Harnoncourt
P 1985/C 1988; Tel 2292-42407-2
Joseph Haydn (1732–1809)
2nd movement of the symphony Nr. 100 in G major 'Militarsinfonie'
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam, dir. Nikolaus Harnoncourt
P 1991, 1993/C 1995; Tel 0630-10018-2
Louis Spohr (1784–1859)
1st movement of Notturno in C major for wind-band and Janissary band, op. 34
Ensemble Octophoros, dir. Paul Dombrecht
P/C 1988; ACC 8860 D
Polka 'Le tzeudron' (chaudron)
Musique de 1830 from Chambery (VS)
Accordion, mouth organ, trombone, bass drum, triangle, Turkish crescent
P/C 1996; claves CD 50-9621