Cell 32

Musik zur Jagd 17. bis 19. Jahrhundert

Hunting horns announce the hunt and accompany the hunters during their chase. They also characterize the precise sequences of the hunt. In the few regions of Europe where this now often contested kind of hunting is still practised, the hunting horns serve the same function as in the old days. The specific calls for every aspect of the chase are defined by rhythm and a succession of notes.
From the second half of the 17th century onwards, large-coiled hunting horns were included in the music which accompanied the hunting scenes in French opera.
Following some modifications in the design of the instrument, the horn was integrated into the orchestra in German-speaking areas in the early 18th century. Initially, the music for these more tightly-coiled orchestral horns included the familiar melodic and rhythmic elements of the hunting calls. In due time, independent orchestral horn solos appeared.
Beginning in the late 18th century and continuing into the 19th century, the natural horns played during the chase were designed with more coils; they were also easier to handle because of the smaller diameter in the spiral.
The horn remained an important element in depicting the hunt in orchestral music (especially in the opera). A good example is the 'Hunters' Chorus' in Carl Maria von Weber's Freischutz (1821).

Introduction cell 32
Sur tous soulas, plaisir et lyesse Clément Janequin (c. 1485 - 1158) 2nd part of La Chasse, 'chanson' for five voices, Paris 1528 Ensemble Clément Janequin P/C 19988; HMC 901271 The 'chanson' constitutes an acoustic painting of a hunt in the early 16th century. In the second part, the calls of the hunting horn with the then usual syllables tronc, tronc, tronc can be clearly heard, especially at the end.
Five Hunting Calls 1719 Hans Friedrich von Flemming, Der vollkommene deutsch Jäger, Leipzig 1719 1 When the dogs are released 2 When the dogs begin to hunt 3 When the dogs hunt well 4 When the stag is killed 5 When the hunt is over and done Parforce-horns, no indications on the musicians P/C 1999; Koch International CD 324 349
On a Stag-hunt (excerpts) Germany, 19th c. Departure for the hunt Stag dead Death-halloo Home-coming from the hunt Parforce-horns, no indications on the musicians P/C 1999; Koch International CD 324 349
Salut à St. Hubert H. Joliot Les Veneurs de la Meuse, hunting horns P/C 1988; DICD 920270
Hunting Song Carl Futterer (1873 - 1927) Choir Ludus Vocalis, Basler Jagdhornbläser, dir. Rupert O. Forbes P/C 1988; SWF 133
Jagen ist die Lust der Götter Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750) Aria of Diana from the Hunt Cantata, BWV 215 Monika Frimmer, soprano, Orchestra of the Age of the Enlightenment, dir. Gustav Leonhardt P/C 1998; PH 454-467-2
Fanfares de Chasse pour quatre Trompes Gioacchino Rossini (1792 - 1868) Naturhorn-Connection, Thomas Müller P/C 1991; HM 953-2 The piece was composed for one of Baron Rothschild's hunting parties
Was gleicht wohl auf Erden dem Jägervergnügen Carl Maria von Weber (1786 - 1826) Hunters' chorus from 'Der Freischütz' 1821 Choir and orchestra of Bayerischer Rundfunk, dir. Rafael Kubelik P/C 1980; Belart 461 280-2
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