Cell 33

Klingende Signale - Post und Militär 18. und 19. Jahrhundert

Bugles and post horns, like trumpets and hunting horns, were used to illustrate certain actions. However, they had a more limited musical range of notes and were used in a different social context.
The calls of the post horn were specific to the functions of the mail coach or to situations affecting a messenger on horseback. They were used to signal arrival or departure, overtaking or meeting of another carriage. These signals could also indicate how many horses and what kind of carriages were being used. They also served to indicate an emergency.
The post horn was limited almost exclusively to German­ speaking areas. The earliest set of calls unique to the post horn was recorded in Prussia in 1828.

In England, the coiled horns were replaced by straight-built metal horns known as 'coachhorns.'
Originally, the post horn could only play one or two harmonics. Late 18th century instruments could rise to the 6th or 8th harmonic. A further improvement was made in the 19th century by using fingerholes, keys or valves.
The characteristically pleasant timbre of the instrument inspired the French instrument maker Halaryto incorporate valves in the 'post-horn des allemands.' This 'cornet a pistons' appeared in Paris around 1828. This instrument was to become very popular in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Bugles were used primarily for military purposes. Modifications in the basic design led to the development of new instruments in the 19th century. The sound of the new keyed bugle, patented in London in 1810, was highly regarded even in orchestras.
The soprano bugle, developed in the German-speaking areas, represented a further modification of the original design; it was fitted with valves. This very popular instrument became also the precursor of the alto horn and the tenor horn.

Introduction cell 33
Calls of the Swiss Post 1841 1 Departure of each mail coach 2 Arrival of an ordinary mail coach 3 Arrival of a spaecial mail coach 4 Swerving to avoid accident 5 Call of the stagecoach driver Post horn in E flat Wolfgang G. Haas Trompetenensemble Köln P/C 1996 Foundation of the Museum for Post and Telecommunications; CD 026.001
Calls of the Post of Thurn and Taxis 1833 1 Departure of each mail coach 2 Arrival of an ordinary mail coach 3 Number of carriages 4 Arrival of a special mail coach 5 Number of horses 6 Emergency call Post trumpet in E Flat Wolfgang G. Haas Trompetenensemble Köln P/C 1996 Foundation of the Museum for Post and Telecommunications; CD 026.001
Calls of the Royal Bavarian Post 1839 1 Call before each departure 2 Swerving to avoid accident 3 Before the arrival at each station 4 Three calls of unknown meaning used until 1853 Post horn in F, with one fingerhole Wolfgang G. Haas Trompetenensemble Köln P/C 1996 Foundation of the Museum for Post and Telecommunications; CD 026.001
Calls of the Post of the Grand Duchy of Baden 1842 1 Departure and arrival of ordinary mail coaches 2 Departure and arrival of special mail coaches 3 Swerving to avoid accident Post trumpet in E flat Wolfgang G. Haas Trompetenensemble Köln P/C 1996 Foundation of the Museum for Post and Telecommunications; CD 026.001
Calls of the Imperial and Royal Post in Austria-Hungary 1844 1 Each post 2 Separate course 3 Special post 4 Mail-transport 5 Dispatch-rider 6 Number of horses 7 Number of carriages 8 Call of the stagecoach driver Post horns Wolfgang G. Haas Trompetenensemble Köln P/C 1996 Foundation of the Museum for Post and Telecommunications; CD 026.001
Aria di postiglione Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750) 5 th movement (Allegro poco) and beginning of the 6th movement (Fuga) from Capriccio Sopra la lontananza del suo fratello dilettissimo in B flat major, BWV 992 Kenneth Gilbert, harpsichord P/C 1993; AMA 447 297-2
Post Horn Serenade Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 - 1791) 2nd Trio from the 6th movement (Minuetto) from the Post Horn Serenade in D major, KV 320 Peter Damm, post horn, Staatskapelle Dresden, dir. Nikolaus Harnoncourt P 1984/ C 1993; Tel 4509-92149-2
Cornet (Cornet à pistons) Jospeh Arban (1825 - 1889) after Gioacchino Rossini Caatine du Barbier de Séville Thierry Caens, cornet, Quintette à vent de Lyon P/C 1982, 1996; ARN 60267
Cornet Traditionel Spiritual, arr. Donald Hunsberger Sometimes I feel like a motherless child Wynton Marsalis, cornet, Eastman Wind Ensemble, dir. Donald Hunsberger P 1983-1988/C 1992; SK 44726
Calls on the 'Harsthorn' Paul Arnold, Harsthorn From: the History of Swiss Military Music P/C 1983; Gold Records LP 11 183 D
Basel Fifers Reveille with Bugles Clairon-Garde Basel-Stadt, dir. Paul Zimmermann P/C 1997; no other indications
Reveille Musikkorps Österreichische Bundeswehr, dir. Oberst Wilhelm Stephan P/C 1960; Philips 512 740-2
To work Lights out from the trumpeter's duty for marksmen and hunters 1840 Corps de Musique de la Ville de Bulle FR P/C 1983; Gold Records LP 11 183 D

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