Cell 25

Klarinetten, Flöten und Oboen Studiensammlung

Introduction cell 25
Alto Recorder Georg Philipp Telemann (1681 - 1767) Allegro, 2nd movement from the Sonata I in F major for two alto recorders 1727 Michala Petri and Elisabeth Selin, recorder P/C 1990; RD87903
French Flageolet Thomas Greeting (? - 1682) Nigthingale, from The Pleasant Companion for the Flageolet 1680 Conrad Steinmann, French flageolet, c. 1820 P/C 1976; claves P 615
Flute 18th c. Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750) Bourrée Anglaise, 4th movement from Partita in a minor, BWV 1013 Frans Brüggen, flute by Scherer, Butzbach 1773 P 1976/C 1998; SB2K 60718 In order to clearly show the difference in the sonority of an old fluete and of a modern flute, the same music can be heard twice, here on an instrument of the 18th c. and in the next musical example on an instrument of the 20th c.
Flute 20th c. Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750) Bourrée Anglaise, 4th movement from Partita in a minor, BWV 1013 Aurèle Nicolet, flute P/C 1995; Denon C37-7331 In order to clearly show the difference in the sonority of an old fluete and of a modern flute, the same music can be heard twice, here on an instrument of the 20th c. and in the former musical example on an instrument of the 18th c.
Flute 2nd half of 19th c. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 - 1827), arr. Theobald Boehm Menuetto, 3rd movement from Serenade op. 8 Konrad Hünteler, cylindrical wooden flute by Boehm & Mendler, 1870, Michaela Pühn, grand piano by Conrad Graf, Vienna c. 1835 P/C 1997; MDG 311 0708-2
Flute 20th c.: the Bird Sergej Prokofiew (1891 - 1953) from Peter and the Wolf, a musical fairy-tale for narrator an orchestra, op. 67 1936 Barbara Sukowa, narrator, The Chamber Orchestra of Europe, dir. Claudio Abbado P/C 1990; Deutsch Grammophon 427 678-2
Piccolo Flute 18th c. Reveille, Nr. XVI from fifers and drummers duty for the Federal Troops 1819 Raymond Meylan and José Barrocas, fifes without keys, middle of 19th c., Bernhard Wulf, Basel drum P/C 1978; Jecklin Disco 546
Piccolo Flute 18th c. Reveille, Nr. XVI from fifers and drummers duty for the Federal Troops 1819 Raymond Meylan and José Barrocas, fifes without keys, middle of 19th c., Bernhard Wulf, Basel drum P/C 1978; Jecklin Disco 546
Piccolo flute 20th c. Eugène Damaré (1840 - ?) Le merle blanc, op. 161 1890 Jean-Louis Beaumadier, piccolo fluete, Jean Koerner, piano P/C 1988; CAL 9867
Panpipe Béla Bartòk (1881 - 1945) Màruntelul (Children's dance), from Roumanian Dances arr. A. Willener Simion Stanciu, panpipe, Orchestre philharmonique de Monte Carlo, dir. Claude Schnitzler P 1988/C 1994; Erato 4509-96024-2
Ocarina Eidenberger Okarinalandler Eidenberger Okarinamusi P/C no indication; Tyrolis CD 351 576
Treble Shawm and Alto Shawm Guillaume Dufay (1400? - 1474) Navaré je suy (Rondeau) Randall Cook and Katharina Arfken, treble shawm and alto shawm, Lorenz Welker, slide trumpet (Alta Capella) P/C 1991; GD77243 The musical example consists of music from the 15th century. The exhibited instruments however were built in the 17th century. They differ from Renaissance-instruments mainly in the bore and therefore also in the sonority. Compared to the sonority of the oboe, the sound od the shawms is hoarser.
Oboe 2nd half of 18th c. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1856 - 1891) Rondo Allegro, 3rd movement from quartet in F major for oboe, violin, viola and violoncello, KV 370 Stephen Hammer, oboe after C. A. Grenser, Dresden c. 1780; The Academy of Ancient Music Chamber Ensemble P/C 1988; L'Oiseau Lyre 421 429-2
Oboe 19th c. Robert Schumann (1810 - 1856) Einfach, inning - Etwas lebhafter, Romance Nr. 2 op. 94 1849 Paul Dombrecht, oboe by Triébert, Paris middle of 19th c. Jos van Immerseel, piano by Erard, Paris 1850? P/C 1983; ACC 78330 D
Oboe 20th c. Heinz Holliger (born 1939) Studie über Mehrklänge für Oboe solo 1971 Heinz Holliger, oboe P/C 1987; ECM 1340 833 307-2
Oboe 20th c.: the Duck Sergej Prokofiew (1891 - 1953) from Peter and the Wolf, a musical fairy-tale for narrator an orchestra, op. 67 1936 Barbara Sukowa, narrator, The Chamber Orchestra of Europe, dir. Claudio Abbado P/C 1990; Deutsch Grammophon 427 678-2
English Horn Richard Wagner (1813 - 1883) Beginning of the third act of 'Tristan and Isolde' Staatskapelle Dresden, dir. Carlos Kleiber P/C 1982; Deutsche Grammophon 413 315-2 'Man hört einen Hirtenreigen, sehnsüchtig und traurig auf einer Schalmei geblasen.' (from the scenic instructions given by Richard Wagner)
Bassoon Edward Elgar (1857 - 1934) Romance op. 62 for bassoon and orchestra Klaus Thunemann, bassoon, The Academy of St. Martin in the Fields, dir. Sir Neville Marriner P/C 1995; Philips 446 096-2
Bassoon 20th c.: the Grandfather Sergej Prokofiew (1891 - 1953) from Peter and the Wolf, a musical fairy-tale for narrator an orchestra, op. 67 1936 Barbara Sukowa, narrator, The Chamber Orchestra of Europe, dir. Claudio Abbado P/C 1990; Deutsch Grammophon 427 678-2
Chalumeau Christoph Graupner (1683 - 1760) Ouverture, 1rst movement from Ouverture in C major for 3 chalumeaux 1741 Hans Rudolf Stalder, Heinz Hofer, Elmar Schmid, alto, tenor and bass chalumeaux P/C 1986; dhm 16 9568 1 There is no chalumeau in the collection. The chalumeau was created shortly before 1700, its history is connected with the just slightly younger clarinet.
Clarinet 4th quarter of 18th c. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 - 1791) Larghetto, 2nd movement from quintet in A major for clarinet and string quartet, KV 581 Erich Hoeprich, basset clarinet, Lucy van Dael, Alda Stuurop, violins, Wim ten Have, Viola, Wouter Möller, violoncello P/C 1988; Philips 420 242-2
Clarinet in G Johann Schrammel (1850 - 1893) Crownprince Rudolf-march ('Kronprinz Rudolf Marsch') for two violins, high clarinet and bass guitar (classical Viennese 'Schrammel' quartet, founded by the brothers Johann and Josef Schrammel in 1877) Recording of ORF, from 'Klangführer durch die Sammlung alter Musikinstrumente' P/C 1993; Kunsthist. Museum Wien 516 537-2
Clarinet 20th c.: the Cat Sergej Prokofiew (1891 - 1953) from Peter and the Wolf, a musical fairy-tale for narrator an orchestra, op. 67 1936 Barbara Sukowa, narrator, The Chamber Orchestra of Europe, dir. Claudio Abbado P/C 1990; Deutsch Grammophon 427 678-2
Clarinet 20th c.: Jazz Benny Goodman (1909 - 1986) Slipped Disc Benny Goodman, clarinet and leader; among others Red Norvo, vibraphone, Russ Freeman, piano, Jimmy Wyble, guitar, Red Wootten, bass, John Markham, drums Recording of the concert in Basel on 28 October 1959 P/C 1996; TCOB 43032
Basset-horn 2nd half of 18th c. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 - 1791) Polacca, from Duos for two basset-horns, KV 487 Lisa Klevit, Erich Hoeprich, basset-horn P/C 1989; HMU 907017
Launeddas Pastorale & Ballo from San Vito (Sardinia) Luigi Lai, Launeddas P/C 1995; média7 ALCD 157
Biniou from Brittany Round Pagan Christian Annex, Biniou-koz, Jean Baron, alto shawm Hervé L'Hiver, drum P/C 1997; ARN 64380
Zampogna from Sicily Bella stanotti in sonnu mi vinisti (Canto di vendemmia) Letterio Vinci and Giovanni Zaccone, singers Salvatore Vinci, Zampogna P/C 1998; Phonè GE 002

Object Description

The systematical classification of the so-called wood wind instruments into flutes, oboes and clarinets is based on the way their sound is produced.With the flute, a stream of air is directed over a sharp edge, whereas in the case of reed instruments, the air causes the reeds to vibrate. The reeds are fixed at one end, either tied together or tied on the mouthpiece. The other flattened end is left free.In the case of the double reed instruments or oboes, the reeds beat against each other. In the single reed instruments or in clarinets, the reed beats against a frame which is formed either by an opening in the body of the instrument or by a mouthpiece (beak).The musical pitch is primarily dependent on the length of the vibrating column of air, the dimensions of the tube and the pressure of air entering the tube.The musical pitch can be varied by slides or by the opening and closing of holes, either by keys or by the fingers. Higher registers may be obtained through more pressure by overblowing (at the octave resp. twelfth).

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