Cell 34

Grifflochhörner und Posaunen Studiensammlung

Simple short signal horns made out of animal horns, ivory, wood, metal or other materials have a wide conical inner bore and can usually produce only a single note. This note is determined by the length and the bore profile of the tube. In some rare cases, it is possible to produce the fundamental note and several harmonics.

It is however possible to produce a complete harmonic series even beyond the 24th harmonic on longer instruments with a narrower bore profile by changing the lip tension and the pressure of the air blown into the instrument.

By adding different technical devices, the original range of notes can be significantly expanded. By doing this, it is possible to complement the natural notes by chromatic notes, thus facilitating the playing of a complete scale. Modified in this way, these instruments can be played together with other instruments.

In the case of the horns with fingerholes, the instruments were originally designed with holes drilled into the instrument. These were first covered by the fingers, then in the 19th century, also by keys.

Trombones with their mainly cylindrical inner bore have a tube the length of which can be modi fied like a telescope ('slides'). By varying the length of the tube, it is possible to produce different ranges of notes, making it possible to play a chromatic scale.

In the 19th century trombones with valves were also used, especially in military bands.

Introduction cell 34
Introduction cell 34
'Harsthorn' Calls Paul Arnold, Harsthorn from: Die Geschichte der Schweizer Militärmusik P/C 1983; Gold Records LP 11 183 D Short instrument with a large bore profile and no technical devices.
Conch-shell Trumpet Hunting calls Two hunters from the canton of Aargau, conch-shell trumpets from: Die Volksinstrumente der Schweiz P/C 1996; claves CD 50-9621 Short instrument with a large bore profile and no technical devices.
Animal-horn Calls from Klangfüher durch die Sammlung alter Musikinstrumente P/C 1993; Kunsth. Museum Wien 516 537-2 Short instrument with a large bore profile and no technical devices.
Bugle Reveille of Basel Fifers Clairon-Garde Basel-Stadt, dir. Paul Zimmermann P/C 1997; No further indications Longer instrument with a large bore profile and no technical devices.
Post Horn 1828 Calls of the Royal Prussian Post of 1828: 1 Arrival and departure of estafettes (Indication of the number of horses) 2 Arrival and departure of couriers (Indication of the number of carriages/horses) 3 Arrival and departure of extra mails 4 Arrival and departure of normal mails 5 Arrival and departure of express mails 6 Arrival and departure of dispatch-riders 7 Emergency signal, stop, pace, trot, call for the smith Post trumpet in E flat, Wolfgang G. Haas Trompetenensemble Köln P/C 1996 Foundation of the Museum for Post and Telecommunications; CD 026 001 Longer instrument with a narrower bore profile and no technical devices.
Post Horn 1832 Calls of the Royal Post of Great Britain an Hanover of 1832: 1 For passenger coaches 2 For post coaches and vans 3 For extra mails 4 Number of extra carriages 5 Number of horses for extra coaches and vans 6 For getting out of the way of crossing carriages or carriages ahead 7 For entering the carriage Post trumpet in E flat, Wolfgang G. Haas Trompetenensemble Köln P/C 1996 Foundation of the Museum for Post an Telecmmunications; CD 026.001 Longer instrument with a narrower bore profile and no technical devices. No musical example could be found for the English coachhorn. It has been replaced by these calls of the 'Royal Post of Great-Britain and Hanover' played on the post trumpet.
Alphorn Rigi Sännä Jutz Alphorntrio Imlig, Oberarth (SZ) from Die Volksmusikinstrumente der Schweiz P/C 1996; claves CD 50-9621 Long instrument with a narrower bore profile and no technical devices.
Büchel Herdsmen's calls from Muotatal Dominik Marty, Schwyz from: Die Volksmusikinstrumente der Schweiz P/C 1996; claves CD 50-9621 Long instrument with a narrower bore profile and no technical devices.
Cornett Dario Castello (Venice, 1st half of 17th c.) Sonata quarta à 2 1621 Concerto Palatino, Bruce Dickey, cornett, Charles Toet, trombone, P/C 1990; ACC 9058 D Instrument with finger-holes for a diatonic and chromatic scale.
Serpent Thomas A. Arne (1710 - 1778) Rule, Britannia 1740 The London Serpent Trio, Alan Lumsden, Christopher Monk, Andrew van der Beek P/C 1981; Titanic Ti-100 Instrument with finger-holes for a diatonic and chromatic scale, in the 19th c. with keys.
Keyed Bugle Francis Johnson (c. 1825) The Bugle Quick Step c. 1825 Ralph Dudgeon, keyed bugle, The Miss Lucy Long Social Orchestra and Quick Step Society P/C 1989; MC Ralph Dudgeon, Homer NY The recording was kindly made available by R. Dudgeon. Instrument with keys for a diatonic and chromatic scale.
Ophicleides with keyed bugle, saxhorn, trombones and basses Niccolò Paganini (1782 - 1840) 'Le Carnaval de Venise' with variations for Brass Band The Wallace Collection, dir. Simon Wright P/C 1996; NI 5470 Instrument with kes for a diatonic and chromatic scale. The ensemble corresponds to the Brass Band of Cyfartha Castle (GB). It was founded in 1838 and was composed of the best players. Therefore the repertoire had technically very sophisticated arrangements of famous pieces of that time. The variations allow us to perceive the various instrumental groups, particularly also the soft and dark timbre of the ophicleides.
Three Slide Trombones (alto, tenor, bass) Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 - 1827) Equale Nr. 2 Poco Adagio from Three Equale for three trombones, WoO 30 Members of the 'Quatuor de Trombones de Liège' P/C 1990; AU 31457 Instrument with a tube length which can be modified like a telescope, for diatonic and chromatic scales.
Slide Trombone Teddy Trombone - A Brother to Miss Trombone from Trombone Family Henry Filmore c. 1918 Ronald Barron, trombone, Kenneth Cooper, piano P/C 1987; Elektra Nonesuch 0 791 57-2 Instrument with a tube length which can be modified like a telescope, for diatonic and chromatic scales. The music requires also glissandos.
 
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